Scientific journals were the first channel of dissemination of science and are still the primary type of document to facilitate the communication of academic content. Regarding the typology, the following models are distinguished (Melero and Abad, 2008):
Free access for readers and authors
This type of journal represents the most desirable situation. Some have described them as platinum (Haschack, 2007). In these journals, the authors retain the copyright or share them with the publishers. The costs are assumed entirely by the editor. Sometimes these types of journals are the result of the application of institutional or national policies to promote the dissemination and visibility of their scientific production and as support for the transition to the digital format of journals published on paper.
Payment per publication (by the author)
In this case, editorial costs fall entirely on the author’s side. Although in practice, the author does not pay directly but uses resources from research projects. Of the different financing modalities, this is considered by some as the only economic model that can be opposed to the traditional subscription payment model. Perhaps because it is the only one that raises the livelihood of the journal from sources of income that go beyond the subsidy or sponsorship.
Payment with open access option. Hybrid models
It is similar to the previous case in which the author pays. However, the difference is that they are specific articles in commercial journals. In this way, open access articles coexist with articles that are accessed by paying a subscription.
Free access with or without an embargo period
This possibility is offered by some journals that follow the traditional subscription system and retain the copyright of the works. It happens both with magazines that are published on paper and in the digital version and only in the digital version. When a magazine allows free access to all of its contents, the only aspect that conceptually differentiates it from open access is that of copyright. Nowadays, it is increasingly common for journals to release access to part of their content, although not immediately. This period is called embargo (they can range from 6 months to 3 years).
- Abadal, E. (2012) Acceso abierto a la ciencia. Recuperado de http://hdl.handle.net/10760/16863
- Alonso-Arévalo, J., Subirats-Coll, I., & Martínez-Conde, M (2008). “Informe APEI sobre acceso abierto”. APEI, Asociación Profesional de Especialistas en Información. Recuperado de http://hdl.handle.net/10760/12507
- Melero, Remedios; Abad García, María Francisca (2008). «Revistas open access : características, modelos económicos y tendencias». BiD: textos universitaris de biblioteconomia i documentació, juny, núm. 20. Recuperado de http://www.ub.edu/bid/20meler2.htm
How to cite this text:
López, F. A. y De Volder, C. (2019). Clase 1: Introducción al acceso abierto. Curso Acceso Abierto. Buenos Aires: Aprender3C. Material bajo una Licencia Atribución-Compartir Igual de Creative Commons https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/